Every year, families are losing their mothers to cervical cancer. Don’t leave your loved ones heartbroken. Take steps to prevent cervical cancer today.
Cervical Cancer Facts
Cervical cancer is the 3rd most common cancer in women in Malaysia1,with about 2,145 women in Malaysia being diagnosed with cervical cancer each year (estimations for 2012)2,3.
HPV The Leading Cause
99% of cervical cancer cases are caused by HPV (Human Papillomavirus)4. 70% of these cases are caused by HPV-16 and HPV-184. It is a common sexually transmitted infection4. 1 in 2 sexually active adults would have been infected at some point in their lives5.
Are You At Risk
Every woman who has had sexual intercourse (even if with just 1 partner) is at risk6.
The risk factors for HPV infection in women include having multiple sexual partners, smoking, have weak immune system or had other sexually transmitted infections4,7,8.
Fortunately, cervical cancer is preventable. So, take charge of your health today. Go for regular Pap smears and consult your doctor about HPV vaccination.
5 Pap Smear Facts For Every Woman
Most cases of cervical cancer occur in women who did not get regular Pap smears8,9. Maybe they didn’t realise the importance of getting tested or were just too afraid of the results they might get. Fact is, we need to detect and treat cervical cancer as early as possible. It could make all the difference between life or death. Here are some useful facts to take to heart.
- Ministry of Health Malaysia, National Cancer Registry Report 2007, Malaysia Cancer Statistics – Data and Figure.
- World Health Organization (WHO), ICO, 2013 Malaysia Human Papillomavirus and Related Cancers, Fact sheet, http://www.hpvcentre.net/statistics/reports/MYS_FS.pdf (accessed on 13 November 2014)
- World Health Organization (WHO), ICO, 2013 Malaysia Human Papillomavirus and Related Cancers, Summary report, http://www.hpvcentre.net/statistics/reports/MYS.pdf (accessed on 13 November 2014.
- Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases: The Pink Book, 12th ed. CDC 2012.
- Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Sexually Transmitted Diseases Guidelines, 2010. MMWR2010:59 (No. RR-12)
- Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Genital HPV Infection – CDC Fact Sheet, http://www.cdc.gov/std/hpv/stdfact-hpv.htm (accessed on 13 November 2014)
- World Health Organization, Human Papillomavirus and Cervical Cancer, 2013. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs380/en/ (accessed on 31 October 2014)
- American Cancer Society, Cervical Cancer Prevention and Early Detection, http://www. cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003167-pdf.pdf (accessed on 13 November 2014)
- National Cancer Institute (NCI), Cervical Cancer Screening, http://progressreport.cancer.gov/doc_detail.asp?pid=1&did=2007&chid=72&coid=717&mid=#high (accessed on 13 November 2014)
- Ministry of Health Malaysia MyHealth website, Ujian Saringan Kanser Serviks, http://www.myhealth.gov. my/index.php/organ-pembiakan/ujian-saringan-kanser-servik(accessed 30 October 2014)
- Centres for Disease ControlandPrevention(CDC),Gynecologic Cancers-What Can I Do to Reduce My Risk?, http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/gynecologic/basic_info/prevention.htm(accessed on 30 October 2014)
- United States National Library of Medicine, Pap Smear, http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/ article/003911.htm (accessed on 13 November 2014)
- Othman NH and Rebolj M, Challenges to Cervical Cancer Screening in a Developing Country: The Case of Malaysia, Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 2009, Vol 9
- National Cancer Institute (NCI), Understanding Cervical Changes: A Health Guide for Women, 2014.